Dementia refers to the decline in your cognitive function. People suffering from dementia are likely going to experience issues with thinking, memory, problem-solving, and language. The disease is also likely going to affect other functions in your day-to-day life.
Note that, although many seniors may eventually suffer from dementia, it is not a normal part of getting old. Rather, it is often caused by abnormal brain changes.
As such, you are likely going to suffer cognitive decline, often severe enough to affect your independent life, relationships, feelings, and behaviors.
There are some health apps for seniors and older adults that can help identify cognitive decline. Keep reading to learn more about these helpful apps.
What Are The Common Types Of Dementia?
The most common types of dementia and cognitive decline for older adults are:
1. Alzheimer’s Disease
It is the most popular type of dementia, with more than 60% to 80% of the cases. It happens when there are specific changes to the brain. One of the main symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease is trouble remembering events such as conversations, memories, and people.
Eventually, your loved one is likely going to have difficulty walking and experience some personality changes. One of the main risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease is family history.
2. Vascular Dementia
At least 10% of people suffering from dementia can be traced back to previously suffering from a stroke or other ailments that limit blood flow to the brain. Some of the risk factors include high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Symptoms of vascular dementia may vary depending on the area of the brain that has been affected. As your loved one experiences more strokes or mini-strokes, the symptoms are likely going to get worse.
3. Lewy Body Dementia
With this type of dementia, you are likely going to suffer from symptoms such as memory loss, balance problems, and movement problems.
Eventually, your loved one may likely feel stiff and start trembling. Additionally, they may experience changes in alertness such as confusion, daytime sleepiness, and staring spells.
4. Frontotemporal Dementia
It is a type of dementia that leads to changes in personality and behavior since it affects the part of the brain that handles these things. Your loved one is likely going to embarrass themselves or start behaving inappropriately.
Your loved one is also likely going to have issues with their language skills, such as speaking or understanding.
5. Mixed Dementia
Your loved one may suffer from more than one type of dementia, especially if they are aged 80 years and above. For instance, your loved one may be diagnosed with vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s.
It may not be too obvious that your loved one has mixed dementia since the symptoms may overlap.
What Are The Causes Of Dementia?
If your loved one recently suffered a disease that caused damage to their brain cells, they are likely going to be diagnosed with dementia too. Note that these diseases affect the brain cells’ ability to communicate properly.
As such, your loved one’s behavior, feelings, and thoughts are going to be affected. Note that different parts of the brain are responsible for different types of functions.
Therefore, if the brain cells in one part of the brain are damaged, it’s tough for that part to continue with normal functions.
Who Is At Risk Of Getting Dementia?
If you have a family history of dementia or are at an advanced age, you have an increased risk of getting dementia.
Other risks include the following:
- Inactive lifestyle
- High blood pressure
- Excess drinking
- Social isolation
What Are The Early Symptoms Of Dementia?
If your loved one is suffering from dementia, they are less likely going to complain of any symptoms of memory loss or any other problems associated with cognitive impairment. As family members or caregivers, you are likely going to notice the symptoms first.
It’s important to identify early symptoms of dementia so you can take care of your loved one effortlessly.
Here are some of the early warning signs that your loved one is suffering from dementia.
- Difficulty writing, speaking, or remembering words
- Losing interest in their favorite hobbies and activities
- Trouble keeping up with their work
- Personality or behavioral changes
- Struggling to manage finances
- Repeating questions, behaviors, and phrases
- Losing track of time, events, and missing appointments
- Difficulty taking care of a pet
- Withdrawal from family and friends
- Agitation or stress
RELATED: Apps That Can Help Prevent Dementia
How To Diagnose Dementia
There is no single test that can be used to diagnose dementia conclusively. Note that there is still a lot of ongoing research about dementia. Keep in mind that medical diagnosis usually takes time.
Therefore, if you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, it’s a good idea to reach out to a doctor.
The doctor will perform a few tests that will help determine whether or not your loved one is actually suffering from dementia. These include the following:
- Spelling simple words backward
- Repeating words and remembering them later
- Adding or subtracting simple basic equations
- Naming objects properly
- Drawing a clock with evenly spaced numbers
- Understanding visual or spatial cues such as the distance and location of objects
If your doctor identifies memory problems in your loved one, they will refer them to a neurologist or radiologist for further analysis. It’s always a good idea to see a doctor immediately so they can rule out any other medical ailments.
Are There Any Apps That Can Be Used To Detect Dementia?
Yes, there are a few apps that can be used to detect dementia in patients. These include the following.
It is one of the best apps in the market that can help distinguish between various diagnoses of dementia. BrainCheck is a very reliable tool that allows early detection of cognitive impairment.
Currently, it is being used by healthcare providers, health systems, patients, and caregivers to ensure everyone with dementia receives the best care after early diagnosis.
It refers to Mini-Mental State Examination used to determine whether a person is showing signs of dementia/Alzheimer’s disease. It is mostly recommended by doctors in their offices, but you can always take the test at home to determine the severity of the disease.
If you choose to do this test at home, you can enjoy the straightforward scoring process. Even better, your family members or caregivers can administer it without any special training.
3. CAIDE Dementia Risk Score App
It is the best dementia assessment app that can be used to determine whether you have a risk of getting dementia when you grow older.
The CAIDE Dementia Risk Score App is a practical app with the best user-friendly interface that can be used by health practitioners and anyone worried about their risk of getting dementia.
Even better, you can get the best information to help modify your risk factors to avoid getting dementia when you get older.
Do you suspect that your loved one is suffering from dementia? Are you wondering the best way to get them the type of help they need? Well, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Make sure your loved one goes through the diagnosis process to identify the degree of their dementia and the type effortlessly. If possible, book an appointment with a neurologist as soon as possible to avoid further cognitive decline.