Unfortunately, elder abuse is very prevalent in society. It is something that impacts a lot of the senior population. A lot of financial abuse is done by family members. In fact, within domestic settings, it’s much more likely to be committed by family members. 1
Sadly, financial exploitation of the elderly by family members is not new.
Even back in 1993, the National Center for Elder Abuse found that financial abuse accounted for 12 percent of all reported abuse.2 Likewise, 34 percent of all financial abuse was perpetrated by family and friends in 2009.3 There are many types of financial exploitation of the elderly to be wary of.
In this article, I’ll be going over some of the signs of abuse, how to address financial abuse effectively, and how to report it properly.
What Are Some Signs Of Financial Elderly Abuse?
Here are some red flags that someone you love is being taken advantage of financially.
1. Missing Money
This is one of the most common signs of financial abuse. If large withdrawals or money are missing from the elder person’s bank accounts, investment accounts, or anything else, it could be a sign that someone is taking it.
That is why it is important to set up alerts for a senior’s various accounts. This way, you can properly track where the withdrawals are being made and when they are being made.
2. Credit Card Abuse
Another big one would be the abuse of credit cards.
If a senior has credit cards that they typically only use for emergencies, it can be very easy to spot signs of abuse if the cards are being used much more frequently. By keeping tabs on an elderly person’s credit cards, you should be able to easily spot someone taking advantage of the elderly person by looking at spending patterns.
The best way to effectively curb this from happening is by placing credit card alerts on the account. That way, you can be alerted to when and where the credit card is being used.
Also, by limiting credit card cash advances, you should be able to curb the damage.
3. Missing Items
Another sign of financial abuse may be the elder having things suddenly missing from their home. This could be expensive electronics and other things that the elderly person used to have.
It should be easy to spot whether or not they suddenly go missing by keeping tabs on what they have.
4. Increased Anxiety
Just like anyone else, if someone is exhibiting more anxiety than normal, they are likely enduring more stress in their life. Having financial troubles or difficulties is one of the biggest stressors you can have.
Therefore, if an elderly person suffers from financial abuse, they will likely exhibit much more signs of anxiety than normal.
5. Inability To Pay Bills
If the elderly person is suddenly dealing with a lot of collection notices or unpaid bills, it could be a clear sign that they are having financial difficulties that could be directly caused by financial exploitation.
Whether a family member is siphoning money from their accounts or they are simply neglecting to pay the bills, you want to investigate further because this is one of the more clear-cut signs of abuse.
Steps To Take When Financial Abuse Is Spotted
If you suspect financial exploitation of an elderly loved one by a family member, here are some steps you can take to rectify the situation.
1. Adult Protective Services
This is one of the first things you should be doing if you suspect an elderly person is a victim of financial abuse. Calling on your state’s Adult Protective Services will be beneficial because they will investigate reports of abuse and can tell you what steps you should take yourself. They are also neutral third parties who won’t get involved in family dynamics.
2. Contact Their Financial Institutions
Whenever you spot signs of financial abuse, you want to contact the various financial institutions that the elderly person uses. Giving them the information you have and telling them about your concerns should give their internal fraud prevention department what they need to follow up on your concerns and requests.
This can help you determine whether or not they have been victims of financial abuse and should help give you more information on the abuse occurring.
3. Report It To The Police
You may want to go directly to the authorities, depending on your suspicions. If you suspect identity theft, you should create an identity theft report with the FTC and take it to your local police station. From there, you should be able to file a report.
4. Freeze Accounts
If you suspect financial abuse, you should help the elderly person freeze their credit accounts. By freezing their report with the bureaus, you should make it much more difficult for someone to steal their identity and open up accounts in their name.
They can go a step further and enroll in credit monitoring services like those at Experian. This should give them even more peace of mind knowing that they will be alerted whenever someone attempts to open an account in their name.
5. Restraining Order
If the abuse is rampant, you may want to try to get them a restraining order. This will help to keep the abuser away from the elderly person as you continue to gather the evidence you need to prove the abuse is occurring.
6. Help Them Protect Themselves
When you suspect a loved one is being taken advantage of, you want to try to take the necessary steps to protect them from continuing to be victims.
The best way to do this is by helping them avoid exposing their information to other parties. Getting a shredder to get rid of documents containing personal information safely is a must. Family members commonly use these to steal their victims’ identities.
7. Speak With Them Directly
If you suspect a family member is taking advantage of them, you want to speak with them bluntly. Tell them what you think and some of the warning signs you have spotted. Try to figure out what they are experiencing and what you may not have seen yourself.
By bringing the information directly to them, they will likely be able to tell you more information pertinent to proving there is abuse happening.
While some elderly people may not be receptive to this due to it being family, you should be looking to confront them and get them involved with the process because they will likely be able to provide you with the information that you need to figure out what is really going on.
They should be receptive to your assistance if you approach them properly.
Elder abuse isn’t something to take lightly. Unfortunately, elderly people are very susceptible to all forms of abuse.
After all, they don’t always have the ability to spot signs or deal with them independently. Some may even suffer from decreased mental capacity or mental health issues that can cause them to be unable to protect themselves. Many perpetrators look to take advantage of this, even as family members.
Elderly abuse is and continues to be rampant, and the annual financial loss by victims of financial abuse was estimated to be as much as $2.9 billion dollars in 2009.3
If you suspect that someone you know is a victim of financial abuse by spotting the various signs above, you should be looking to take protective measures. Take some of the steps listed above, and you should be able to help protect the victim from continuing to get taken advantage of by their own family members.