We’ve all fallen and taken a spill before. Unfortunately, what can be seemingly fun and innocent to a young person could turn into no laughing matter for someone much older. Fall death rates have increased by 30 percent from 2007 to 2016 for older adults .
It’s not an isolated problem either, every year more than 1 out of 4 older people falls each year . This is not only a problem with elderly people and their increased likelihood of falling while standing but also while sleeping.
Have you ever rolled yourself out of bed by accident? This is very common among elderly people due to various issues. Unfortunately, a fall from a bed can be just as (if not more) dangerous for someone older than 65. Any falls can greatly affect their overall health.
That led a lot of researchers to ask the question: Do bed alarms prevent falls? They wanted to see whether or not a device like bed alarms (or chair alarms for that matter) could be effective at preventing falls.
While numerous research studies are showcasing its lack of effectiveness, these alarms continue to be endorsed by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) as valuable tools in preventing falls [2,3].
How Do Bed Alarms Work?
Bed alarms work by detecting a patient or user’s movement out of bed. It is meant for those who are at a higher fall risk while getting in or out of bed. A lot of falls that occur in nursing homes occur in the resident’s room when they are either getting in or out of bed . The alarm can make it increasingly likely you will be able to get a caretaker, loved one, or nurse to assist them in getting out of bed safely without the risk of falling.
What Are The Pros Of Using Bed Alarms?
1. Fall Prevention
While there isn’t unequivocal evidence that the use of bed alarms eliminates falls, they certainly cannot hurt. Even if the alarm can prevent a single fall, it makes the device worth it. After all, a single fall can be life-threatening to someone over the age of 65.
Someone who has dementia or someone with a high fall risk while getting in or out of bed will need extra assistance. You want to be alerted to when they need assistance to increase the chances they can get out of bed or into bed safely.
2. Wandering Prevention
Another good thing about the use of bed alarms has to be the ability to prevent those susceptible to wandering from getting into trouble or getting hurt. Anyone who suffers from a degenerative mental disease is at risk for wandering. If someone with this problem wakes up and begins to wander at night, they could trip, fall, or hurt themselves another way.
By having an alarm installed, you will be able to have someone alerted when they get out of bed. This can help you prevent an accident from happening on your watch. After all, you cannot watch someone all night while they are sleeping. An alarm is a good way to prevent wandering without needing to have 24/7 surveillance.
3. Peace of Mind
Another good thing about using bed alarms has to be the peace of mind of not only the caretakers but the loved ones, as well. When you have someone at-risk for getting hurt while falling out of bed, you cannot help yourself but worry all the time.
By getting an alarm installed, you will be able to rest much easier knowing that someone will be alerted if your loved one either falls out of bed or begins to get out of bed. You simply cannot put a price on this kind of peace of mind.
4. Can Be a Reminder
An alarm can assist someone who has dementia in remembering they aren’t to be getting out of bed alone. While it won’t work 100% of the time, it can give them the reminder they need to wait for assistance.
What Are The Cons Of Using Bed Alarms?
1. Noise Level
One of the biggest downsides associated with bed alarms has to be the noise they create. Unfortunately, these alarms are certainly much noisier than you may like. However, they need to create enough noise to be effective.
2. No Definitive Proof They Prevent Falls
While a lot of nursing homes and hospitals have these alarms installed and they rely on them, no study definitively shows they keep falls from happening. Despite this, they are still widely used and relied on. Thus, one can guess that even medical professionals believe they can help to reduce falls despite the scientific evidence not pointing directly to that conclusion.
3. Can Startle Elderly People
Unfortunately, the noise level of these alarms can be counterproductive if it is too loud. After all, it can startle an older person as he or she is attempting to get out of bed which you would assume would make them much more likely to fall.
What Can Cause Bed Alarms to Fail?
There are several things that you have to worry about with bed alarms. For one, a lot of them will require external batteries. Therefore, you could potentially have an alarm that fails because it has run out of juice. You will need to either replace the batteries or recharge it to get it functioning again.
Luckily, most of these bed alarms you will find in the marketplace have low battery warnings which should give you the headway you need to swap out the batteries before you have to worry about it failing. Another reason an alarm could fail would be the electronics getting wet.
However, some alarms have the requisite materials needed for incontinence protection.
How to Combine Bed Alarms With Other Safety Products:
Because bed alarms are not proven to directly prevent falls doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be using them. It only means you shouldn’t be relying solely on bed alarms for fall prevention. Instead, you should be combining the best products in fall prevention to safeguard your loved ones. Luckily, by combining a couple of these products, you should be able to prevent a lot of falls from occurring.
Here are some of the best products you should combine bed alarms with:
1. Bed Rails
Bed rails are one of the most effective fall prevention products for seniors and the elderly you will find available in the marketplace. After all, a lot of the falls happen when patients are attempting to get out of bed. Likewise, these falls can even occur when they are sleeping in the bed while tossing and turning at night.
Bed rails can serve multipurpose for preventing falls. For one, they will require the patient or the person sleeping in the bed to sound the alarm for assistance. This can be a very effective way of preventing falls for those at-risk to fall while getting out of bed. Likewise, it can be an effective way to eliminate the chances of falling out of bed while sleeping because they will end up being stopped by the attached rails.
2. Fall Prevention Mattress
Perhaps even better than bed rails would be a fall prevention mattress. This can be one of the best ways to prevent a fall because these mattresses have built-in fall prevention and protection features. These mattresses have a barrier on each side which can keep someone from rolling off the mattress.
Best of all, this barrier is created by something much softer than a bed rail. Also, because it’s built into the mattress itself, you don’t have to worry about the person getting their extremities caught in the tight metal parts of a bed rail.
3. Fall Mat
A fall mat is another option that you could consider.
While this isn’t nearly going to be as good as something that prevents a fall in the first place, it can be an effective option when paired with a bed alarm. After all, using a fall mat for elderly people will make it much less likely the person will hurt themselves while sleeping or getting in or out of the bed.
The fall mat will limit the impact they make with the ground if they do happen to fall which can save them from suffering a serious injury.
4. Floor Pad Alarm
A floor pad alarm can be an effective addition to a bed alarm. After all, the floor pad alarm can alert the caregiver they have already stepped out of bed and they are attempting to stand up. Therefore, if you have both, you will be alerted from the initial bed alarm and then from the floor pad alarm.
This can make it much more likely that you respond to the alarm and you make it to the person in time to assist them with getting out of bed safely.
What Are the Best Bed Alarms For Preventing Falls?
1. Secure Bed Exit Alarm
This is a great option because it is very affordable. This alarm is incontinent-proof and it comes with an alarm monitor and a Velcro holder. Unlike some of the other bed alarms, this one features a sensor pad with a metal connecting pin that isn’t going to break like competing solutions that use plastic. Also, it is compatible with any mattress. Learn more at the Secure Safety Solutions website.
2. Smart Caregiver Wireless and Cordless Weight Sensing Bed Pad
This is one of the top options you will find because it has everything you would want in a bed alarm. For one, it is made up of soft vinyl making it incontinence resistant. Also, it has a wireless alarm that you will be able to conveniently place so it’s easier to hear. The alarm also has 3 distinct volume settings which means you should be able to find one that works well. You can get more details at Caregiver Products.
3. Smart Caregiver Corporation Cordless Bed Exit Monitoring System Alarm
This is another solid offering as it features even more portability than some of the other competing solutions. With this alarm, the monitor can be placed upwards of 300 feet away from the pad itself. This may make it much more convenient and accessible for some caregivers or loved ones. Check today’s price at Caregiver Products.
4. Smart Caregiver Motion Sensor and Pager (TL-5102MP)
This is a good one for those looking for something that is highly affordable. This one comes with a pager solution that will allow the caregiver to roam around the place freely without worrying about getting disconnected. The pager will work up to 300 feet away. Available at Amazon.com.
5. Secure Long Term Bed and Chair Sensor Pad Alarm
This alarm can be used between a bed and a chair. The pads will sound the alarm when the patient leaves the pad and it will reset once it senses pressure again. The pads are thin so they are hardly noticeable and the pad is slip-resistant. Learn more about it on the Secure Safety Solutions site.
Summary and Final Recommendations
As you can see, when used properly and with all of the other prevention products, bed alarms can be a valuable addition to your safeguarding process. Preventing falls should be a top priority for any caregiver or family member with an elderly loved one. A bed alarm can be a good step in the right direction for preventing falls.
When combined with other fall prevention products, bed alarms can increase the chances you or someone is alerted to your loved one before them falling out of bed or finding themselves wandering around aimlessly.